This example chart (taken from InfinityQS® ProFicient™ software) represents several batches of resin—a homogeneous mixture. The chart shows plot points representing the percent solids in each batch. The highlighted plot point shows that for subgroup 16, the moving range plot point exceeds the upper control limit of 0.9.
Scroll down to learn how to use this chart.
Use the Individual X-Moving Range (IX-MR) chart when your sample size is one (n=1).
By using this chart, you can spot variability that falls outside of what would be considered “normal”—indicating a special cause of variation and a need for investigation and possible process adjustment—for a characteristic, such as percent solids in a homogenous mixture. This is a good chart to use when sampling is expensive, time-consuming, or destructive, or when variation from consecutive samples are likely to indicate a measurement error rather than a product variation.
Short run charts accomplish the same goal as target IX-MR charts, but are used for short production runs. These charts combine short run data sets to analyze process capabilities in limited production runs.
Group charts display several parameters, characteristics, or process streams on one chart. With a group IX-MR chart, you can assess relative uniformity or consistency across multiple data streams. In the group IX-MR chart, individual measurements and moving ranges from multiple locations are combined into a group.
As you might expect, the group target IX-MR chart provides the insight of both a group IX-MR chart and a target IX-MR chart. Use this chart to get statistically valid information from multiple part numbers or characteristics that share a common process.